Aquamaax Water Maker Technology
For the boating community Aquamaax has developed small, lightweight, energy efficient D.C., A. C., and engine driven R/O models at very low capital and maintenance costs. Desalination is too costly and takes up too much space to make it practical for todays cruisers.
Humans cannot drink saline water. But, saline water can be made into freshwater, which is the purpose of all Aquamaax water makers. The process the Aquamaax marine water makers uses is called desalination, or reverse osmosis, which is a different process with the same results.
Both systems separate fresh water from saline water (salt). This process is being used more and more around the world to provide people with needed freshwater. Most of the United States has, or can gain access to, ample supplies of fresh water for drinking purposes. But, fresh water can be in short supply in some parts of the world especially in arid areas like the island chain of the Bahamas.
As the population continues to grow, shortages of fresh water will occur more often, if only in certain locations. In some areas, salt water (from the ocean, for instance) is being turned into freshwater for drinking. This process of making fresh water is quite popular in the marine industry as well.
What type best meets your boat’s specific needs? D.C., A.C. or belt driven off the engine.
Engine or belt driven systems used to be considered the most efficient water makers for yachts because you made water for free, every time you ran your engine. Their big disadvantage was that they are not easy to install and sometimes there is not enough space around the engine to accommodate the high-pressure pump that is required.
With our GenMaax combo units D.C. is now far more efficient than engine driven. AC driven systems make perfect sense if you run a generator regularly.We offer a range of models.
You will find our D.C. water maker range to be the simplest and lightest to install; the easiest to operate and maintain, and provide highest output with the best water quality.
When combined with our 12 or 24 volt GenMaax alternator/generators you can yield 15 gallons of water, top up your batteries and make hot water all in 30 minutes per day.
Due to harsh conditions, all of our water makers are manually controlled. Keeping our system free of computerization means it costs less and is much more reliable.
Fresh water while boating
On a boat, fresh water is also needed to shower and keep the stainless fitting, canvas and other parts of the boat clean of salt of which if un-managed will quickly destroy these and other expensive items.
The “simple” hurdle that must be overcome to turn seawater into fresh water is to remove the dissolved salt in seawater. That may seem as easy as just boiling some seawater in a pan, capturing the steam and condensing it back into water (distillation) but that won’t count towards the usage of your whole family and frankly isn’t enough to sustain you on a real trip.
Other methods are available like reverse-osmosis, but these current technological processes must be done on a large scale to be useful, and usually apply to large land base populations. The current processes are expensive, energy-intensive, and involve large-scale facilities.
What makes water saline?
What do we mean by “saline water?” Water that is saline contains significant amounts (referred to as “concentrations”) of dissolved salts. In this case, the concentration is the amount (by weight) of salt in water, as expressed in “parts per million” (ppm). If water has a concentration of 10,000 ppm of dissolved salts, then one percent of the weight of the water comes from dissolved salts. This isn’t drinkable water.
Desalination/distillation is one of mankind’s earliest forms of water treatment, and it is still a popular treatment solution throughout the world today. In ancient times, many civilizations used this process on their ships to convert sea water into drinking water. Today, desalination plants are used to convert sea water to drinking water on ships and in many arid regions of the world, and to treat water in other areas that is fouled by natural and unnatural contaminants.
Distillation is perhaps the one water treatment technology that most completely reduces the widest range of drinking water contaminants.
In nature, this basic process is responsible for the water (hydrologic) cycle. The sun supplies energy that causes water to evaporate from surface sources such as lakes, oceans, and streams. The water vapor eventually comes in contact with cooler air, where it re-condenses to form dew or rain. This process can be imitated artificially and more rapidly than in nature, using alternative sources of heating and cooling.
Some desalination facts
- It is estimated that some 30% of the world’s irrigated areas suffer from salinity problems and remediation is seen to be very costly.
- In 2002 there were about 12,500 desalination plants around the world in 120 countries. They produce some 14 million cubic meters/day of freshwater, which is less than 1% of total world consumption.
- The most important users of desalinated water are in the Middle East, (mainly Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Bahrain), which uses about 70% of worldwide capacity; and in North Africa (mainly Libya and Algeria), which uses about 6% of worldwide capacity.
- Among industrialized countries, the United States is one of the most important users of desalinated water, especially in California and parts of Florida. The cost of desalination has kept desalination from being used more often.